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The Ryder Cup is a golf trophy contested biennially in an event officially called the Ryder Cup Matches by teams from Europe and the United States. The Ryder Cup was born in 1926, with the US competing against Great Britain on the East Course, Wentworth Club, Virginia Water, Surrey, England. After more than 45 years of US dominance (Britain won only once between 1935 and 1973) it was extended to Britain and Ireland in 1973 and then Europe in 1979, which made the Cup considerably more competitive. Currently, the Ryder Cup Matches are jointly administered by the PGA of America and the PGA European Tour.

Format
The Ryder Cup Matches involve various matchplay matches between players selected from two teams of 12. Currently, the matches consist of 8 foursomes matches, 8 fourball matches and 12 singles matches. The winner of each match scores a point for their team, with a point each for any match that is tied after 18 holes.

A foursomes match is a competition between two teams of two golfers. The golfers on the same team take alternate shots throughout the match, with the same ball. Each hole is won by the team that completes the hole in the fewest shots. A fourball match is a competition between two teams of two golfers. All four golfers play their own ball throughout the round. Each hole is won by the team whose individual golfer had the lowest score. A singles match is a standard matchplay competition between two golfers.

The matches take place over three days, Friday through Sunday. On the Friday, there are four fourball matches and four foursomes matches in the afternoon. On the Saturday, the same schedule repeats. On the Sunday, there are twelve singles matches. Not all players need play on Friday and Saturday; the captain can select any eight players for each of the four rounds of play over these two days.

Founding of the Cup
There is some debate over who suggested the idea for the Ryder Cup. James Harnett, a journalist with Golf Illustrated magazine appears to have proposed a similar idea to the USPGA on December 15, 1920 and, having failed to attract support, the idea was refloated by a Sylvanus Germain, president of a club in Toledo, the next year. This resulted in an unofficial match in 1921, won 93 by the British, and another in 1926, won 131 by Britain. Present at the second 1926 match, held on the East Course at Wentworth Club, Virginia Water, Surrey, was St. Albans seed merchant, Sam Ryder. Having watched the play, Mr Ryder thought it would be good idea to make the match official and there and then the Ryder Cup was born.

Among the British, at the 1926 landmark match, were golfing giants Abe Mitchell, George Duncan, Archie Compston, Ted Ray (portrayed in the recent film The Greatest Game Ever Played), and Arthur Havers. From America came Walter Hagen, Tommy Armour, Jim Barnes and Al Watrous.

This first official match was held in Massachusetts in 1927. Ryder, who donated a gold cup and had agreed to pay 5 to each of the winning team, attached his name to the new competition. It has been held on a two year cycle since, apart from 1939 to 1945 when it was cancelled due to World War II.

The 2001 match was delayed for a year, as it was due to take place very shortly after the September 11 attacks. It was subsequently decided to hold the Ryder Cup in even-numbered years instead of odd-numbered years.

 

Results
Year VenueWinning TeamScoreLosing Team
1927Worcester CC, Worcester, MassachusettsUnited States 92 Great Britain
1929Moortown GC, Leeds, EnglandGreat Britain 75 United States
1931Scioto CC, Columbus, OhioUnited States 93 Great Britain
1933Southport & Ainsdale GC, Southport, EnglandGreat Britain 65 United States
1935Ridgewood CC, Paramus, New JerseyUnited States 93 Great Britain
1937Southport & Ainsdale GC, Southport, EnglandUnited States 84 Great Britain
1947Portland GC, Portland, OregonUnited States 111 Great Britain
1949Ganton GC, Scarborough, EnglandUnited States 75 Great Britain
1951Pinehurst Resort, Pinehurst, North CarolinaUnited States 92 Great Britain
1953Wentworth Club, Virginia Water, Surrey, EnglandUnited States 65 Great Britain
1955Thunderbird CC, Rancho Mirage, CaliforniaUnited States 84 Great Britain
1957Lindrick GC, Rotherham, EnglandGreat Britain 74 United States
1959Eldorado CC, Indian Wells, CaliforniaUnited States 83 Great Britain
1961Royal Lytham & St Annes, Lytham St Annes, EnglandUnited States 149 Great Britain
1963East Lake GC, Atlanta, GeorgiaUnited States 239 Great Britain
1965Royal Birkdale, Southport, EnglandUnited States 1912 Great Britain
1967Champions GC, Houston, TexasUnited States 238 Great Britain
1969Royal Birkdale, Southport, EnglandUnited States 1616 Great Britain
1971Old Warson CC, St. Louis, MissouriUnited States 1813 Great Britain
1973Muirfield Links, Gullane, East Lothian, ScotlandUnited States 1913 Great Britain
 & Ireland
1975Laurel Valley GC, Ligonier, PennsylvaniaUnited States 2111 Great Britain
 & Ireland
1977Royal Lytham & St Annes, Lytham St Annes, EnglandUnited States 127 Great Britain
 & Ireland
1979The Greenbrier, White Sulphur Springs, West VirginiaUnited States 1711 Europe
1981Walton Heath GC, Walton-on-the-Hill, Surrey, EnglandUnited States 189 Europe
1983PGA National GC, Palm Beach Gardens, FloridaUnited States 1413 Europe
1985The Belfry, Sutton Coldfield, EnglandEurope 1611 United States
1987Muirfield Village GC, Dublin, OhioEurope 1513 United States
1989The Belfry, Sutton Coldfield, EnglandEurope 1414 United States
1991Kiawah Island Golf Resort, Kiawah Island, South CarolinaUnited States 1413 Europe
1993The Belfry, Sutton Coldfield, EnglandUnited States 1513 Europe
1995Oak Hill CC, Rochester, New YorkEurope 1413 United States
1997Valderrama GC, Sotogrande, SpainEurope 1413 United States
1999The Country Club, Chestnut Hill, MassachusettsUnited States 1413 Europe
2002The Belfry, Sutton Coldfield, EnglandEurope 1512 United States
2004Oakland Hills Country Club, Bloomfield Hills, MichiganEurope 189 United States
2006 The K Club, Straffan, County Kildare, IrelandEurope 189 United States
2008Valhalla GC, Louisville, KentuckyUnited States 16½ 11½  Europe
2010Celtic Manor Resort, Newport, WalesEurope 14½  13½ United States
2012Medinah CC, Medinah, IllinoisEurope 14½  13½ United States
2014Gleneagles, Auchterarder, ScotlandEurope 16½ 11½  United States
2016Hazeltine National GC, Chaska, Minnesota    
2018TBA (continental Europe)    
2020Whistling Straits, Sheboygan, Wisconsin    

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